The Most Prominent Types of Audio and Video Cables in Use Today

Home entertainment has grown immensely over the past couple decades. With the digital revolution paving the way for more affordable and accessible high quality home entertainment options, many consumers are choosing to save some money and time on the movie theatre and concerts and, instead, opting to stay home for a more intimate, comfortable experience that you simply would not have been able to get even a few years ago.

Of course, in order to do this you need to have the right kinds of audio and video for your home entertainment system.


HDMI cables are, essentially, the gold standard in today’s A/V world.  While you could certainly choose other options, HDMI—which stands for “high definition multimedia interface”—simplifies your needs, channeling the highest quality video and audio into a single cable. Simply plug one end of the cable into your media player and the other end into the television for excellent delivery of your media. Or you can run an HDMI cable into your stereo to further divert the sound through your surround sound system.


DVI stands for “Digital Video Interface.” This type of cable carries only HD digital video. It does not carry any audio signals at all. If you wanted to separate your video and audio feeds—in a home cinematics setup, for example—this could be a way to do it.


VGA stands for “Video Graphics Array.” This type of cable connects an analog PC monitor to a computer tower or to a laptop.  You can connect these cables through an HD15 connector, though they might also require male or female connectors, which depends, of course, on the type of equipment you are trying to hook up.  You can also find “SVGA Cables” which are a “super” type of cable that can offer an even bigger range of options that go further than the standard analog monitor. That means, of course, they are better suited for modern monitors and HDMI televisions, etc.


S-Video stands for “separate video.”  This type of cable, basically, just offers a standard video connection. It is an older type so you will not achieve high definition video transmission (only up to 480i or 576i), but does have better image quality than its predecessor, the Composite video cable. It does, however, have lower color resolution.

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